Franklin Delano Roosevelt
FDR (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) is almost universally lauded in our Liberal History Books as one of the great Presidents of the Century. The half-truths and clichés include: man of the People, saved the country from the great depression, progressive policies, idealism and integrity, guided us through WWII, saved not the nation and entire world from tyranny, and so on.
There are some truths buried in the caricature, but there's an awful lot of lies of omission and commission. I'm going to focus on the darker side of FDR, not because that's all there was to this complex man, but because we should know the bad and the good to judge for ourselves, not just be force-fed the propaganda version.
Like the following: he focused power so that he could abuse it for personal gain, he and his family were corrupt, he was a liar that betrayed most people and nations that trusted him (and he often did the opposite of what he promised), he was power-hungry, vindictive, and violated the Constitution (and his oath of office) more than any other President. Many of the worst shames in our history, happened under his watch (and by his guidance). He enjoyed pitting people and groups against each other and playing them off of each other. He was a lousy diplomat, a poor administrator, not a scholar, nor philosopher, and was not particularly well read or even bright (according to people that were closest to him). But he was people smart (he could manipulate them). But other than that, he was likable, mercurial, and aloof.
- 1 FDR: 1882 - Who Was He?
- 2 FDR: 1900 - His Early Career
- 3 FDR: 1930 - Depression, First Term and the New Deal
- 4 FDR: Agencies
- 5 FDR: 1936 - The Second Term
- 6 FDR: 1940 - The Third Term
- 7 FDR: 1940 - The war years
- 8 FDR: Corruption
- 9 FDR: The Holocaust
- 10 FDR and War Crimes
- 11 Legacy
- 12 References
FDR was a Mason, loved backroom dealings and old-boy networks, and later put the "Great Seal" on the dollar bill as homage to that influence and cronyism. After plagiarizing someone else's speech, he got the NY Governors seat in trade for a sweetheart loan to bail him out of a failed "Spa" (Warm Springs Debacle): because his spending habits exceeded his generous stipend, and he had no fiduciary competence, he was often in debt.
FDR used that power abusively. By controlling the agencies, he could make people or sectors dependent on him and the government. And he used those powers to bully the opposition, and reward allies. The rule of law and constitution was for academics and he was a man of action. And the the consequences of the New Deal is something we're still paying for today: politically, socially and economically.
It was not a good time for Freedom -- empowering bureaucracy has costs. High School History texts sell it as there was a, "everyone pitch in" attitude, but that was the sales pitch. In truth, there was much more, "do what we say, or get crushed under the wheels of progress". We were on a death spiral, fortunately for us, the War pulled us out (and changed the tone), otherwise, we were going to be the USSA.
The Republicans responded publicly with, "Why not, the Platform has never been used?"
But FDR had gotten enough people suckling on the Govt. teat that everyone wanted more, and was afraid to let the free market save them: things had to get worse before they got better. And his policies made things much worse. (His second depression was worse than the first one). The culture was polarized, contempt for the law was at an all time high, FDR was trying to stack the Supreme Court and created a constitutional crisis... when along came WWII and saved FDR's ass. He could lie to the American people about not wanting to get us into a war, while doing everything he could to get us in it. And external villains are great distractions. (Read George Orwell's 1984, and remember what he'd seen and inspired his warnings).
FDR: 1940 - The Third Term
FDR should have never been elected to a 3rd Term. Both the tradition of no other President being arrogant enough to think they were worthy of serving that long, and no public being gullible enough to re-elect him. (But this was still part of the progressive era, and mass immigration had lowered the standards that far).
While lies (and a conspiracy to deceive the public) about FDR's health and history had perpetuated over his entire time in office, by the 3rd term it was to the point of absurdity. Had the public known the depth or breadth of his malady's, he would have never been elected to a 3rd term.
- He spent the majority of the later years just resting (with over half his time spent out of office).
- To get elected to a fourth term there was a big fraud played on the public, with doctors and the press in a conspiracy to hide the truth from the public.
- By 1944 FDR was away from the WhiteHouse for 175 days of the year -- and when he did work, under Doctors orders, it was for only 4 hours per day (including lunch).
But then again, him not being being able to participate more, is probably what allowed us to win the war. And slowly, some of our freedom's back. It is not a surprise that he died in office -- dictators don't give up power easily.
Hoover gave a speech in 1940 (as payback?), which was the most eloquent description of what lead rise to the dictators of Europe and the USSR -- and it was just as clear a warning about the path we were following.
Liberty had been weakened long before the dictators rose.... in every single case before the rise of a totalitarian governments there had been a period dominated by economic planners. Each of these nations had an era under starry-eyed men who believed that they could plan and force the economic life of the people... They exalted the State as the solvent of all economic problems.
These men thought they were liberals. But they also thought they could have economic dictatorship by bureaucracy -- and at the same time preserve free speech, orderly justice and free government. They might be called the totalitarian liberals. They were the spiritual followers of the New Deal. These men are not Communists or Fascists... but they shifted the relation of government from free enterprise from umpire to controller! Directly or indirectly they politically controlled credit, prices, production or industry, farmer and laborer. They devalued, pump-primed and deflated. They controlled private business with government competition, by regulation and by taxes. They met every failure with demands for more and more power and control... when it was too late, they discovered that every time they stretched the arm of government into private enterprise, except to correct abuse, then somehow, somewhere, men's minds became confused.
At once men became fearful and hesitant. Initiative slackened, industry slowed down production. Which resulted in chronic unemployment and frantic government spending in an effort to support the unemployed. Government debts mounted and finally government credit was undermined. Out of the miseries of their people there grew pressure groups "we call them special interests" -- business, labor, farmers -- demanding relief or special privelege.Class hate poisoned cooperation.
~ Former President Hoover
Warning against what FDR's had done to the nation and about the weakening of Liberty
In hind-sight, we haven't had a complete colapse like Europe did -- but we have been teetering on the precipice a few times. Certainly we were lucky that the war came along (and FDRs death), which saved us from continued entropy of freedom. But what you don't see in Hoover's speech is the bumbling, insensitive boob that some of History books sell to the gullible.
His racism showed through when he interned the Japanese-Americans, and turned away boats of Jewish refugee children, with knowledge of the holocaust (and what was going to happen when they returned). He gave Stalin permission to commit War crimes against the Germans. And basically many things he got involved in, in the war, went poorly. Fortunately, he wasn't involved much, and Winston Churchill had lots of experience suffering fools in labor party, so he generally put up with it, because he needed the Americans despite their foolish leader.
Graft is taking profit from one's political office (or taking money for their influence). The politicians of today have nothing on FDR, not even the Clinton's. As Governor FDR stated on many occasions that Public Officials should not be living beyond their means (or getting economic gain from their political influence). FDR specifically said '''that financial gains should apply to members of a politician family as well as the politician himself.' FDR dismissed one Sheriff (Farley) saying, "What of a public official who allows a member of his family to obtain favors or benefits through his political connections?"
Like all things FDR, if he said one thing, he was doing the opposite: FDR was publicly against graft, and one of the largest recipients of it in history -- both directly and through his immediate family. His Son's (James and Elliot) both became rich men through FDR's influence peddling. His wife made millions from foreign gifts, ads, and other forms of payola. And FDR stole rare stamps from the post office, had the government pay for home improvements, and deeded his property to the government so that they would pay the taxes for him. Dirty by his day's standards, criminal by today's.
Many years ago, I was discussing WWII history (which I've always had an interest in) with Historian friends -- and they came up with some claims that were so foul that I just couldn't believe them. I scoffed and was supplied with overwhelming evidence to support their claims, and I was so disgusted by what our nation (and our President) had done, that I ignored facts and just denied that it could have happened. I became an unreasoning person -- and it took me years to open my mind to the possibilities that are the facts.
What was so detestable that I couldn't accept? Roosevelt and the State Department knew about the Holocaust from it's inception and not only did nothing about it, but intentionally hid information about it, and prevented more Jews from escaping. FDR played politics the whole time, and only did what was in his best interests, knowing what the results would be to many innocents. FDR only acted in the best interests of humanity when forced by public pressure and exposure. It was this event that got me digging more into FDR's persona and character and how I found out about the rest in these articles.
FDR and War Crimes
To give you a little idea of the man (FDR), here's a true story about an exchange that Stalin, Churchill and FDR had in Tehran, as relayed by his son Elliott (who was there). The intent of the story was to make fun of Churchill, but to me it shows more about FDR (and Elliott).
Stalin made a toast, "To the swiftest possible justice for all Germany's war criminals -- justice before a firing squad. I drink to our units in dispatching them as fast as we catch them. All of them. And there must be at least 50,000 of them!".
Churchill was pissed, and leaped to his feet explaining that mass murder before a firing squad was wrong -- and that all individuals (even Nazi's) should get a proper trial.
FDR said, jovially, "Clearly there must be some compromise... Pershaps we should say that instead of summarily executing 50,000, we should settle on a smaller number -- say, 49,500".
The Russians laughed, and Churchill was furious.Elliott admits he and FDR enjoyed taunting Churchill and says he toasted that American armies, "will settle the matter for most of those 50,000, if not 100,000 more". To which Stalin put his arm around Elliott, and got further protests from Churchill -- which his father found amusing.
This to me shows how desirous to please Stalin that Roosevelt was, and also clearly demonstrated either Roosevelts ignorance of diplomacy (and the message he was sending), or his indifference for human rights. Of course 10's of thousands of German soldiers (especially officers) were murdered before Soviet firing squads, and many more were worked to death in slave camps.... while Stalin might have done so anyways, had been given tacit permission by FDR. Because that's the kind of guy Franklin was.
So what was FDR's Legacy? Sadly the facts are not close to what is taught in our schools or repeated often by people that haven't done much research.
We are sometimes taught:
- FDR the friend to the Jews -- but not taught how many more Jews lost their lives because of his indiference to the Holocaust and their plight.
- Many whine about the excesses of Reagan's spending, while FDR's worse behavior is often brushed over.
- When we were taught about the Iron Curtain, and how Stalin took control of many eastern blok countries (and reign of terror on those who were enslaved), we are rarely taught about FDR (and Truman's) complacency in that.
- When we are taught about McCarthy'ism, we usually aren't told why it happened, or FDR's managerial incompetence.
- We're taught about the agencies he created to "try to pull us out of the depression", but less so about how much worse than made thing, and how many abuses happened in those agencies
- There's talk about the United Nations being Roosevelt's brain-child (an idea he ripped off from the League of Nations), but they brush over how FDR had made secret agreements to give the Soviets more votes than anyone else (via puppet governments).
- Schools talk about how FDR kept winning elections -- but not by how close they were, or which groups were on which side.
What we are not usually taught about when discussing FDR is the double-dealing and back-stabbing, one of the greediest, most self-interested, corrupt and power hungry liars to ever taint the office. When we look at a President's legacy, we should remember everything that happened under his ternure, and everything that happened afterwards because of his actions -- not just the side that makes progressives feel good about themselves (like interning the Japanese). The dirt and shame is important, so that we can learn from our mistakes, instead of electing more of them.