Buddhism: always working towards Enlightenment. Buddhism is based on one mans enlightenment, Buddha. The philosophy originated in India, but traveled to China, Japan and influenced much of the Orient. Many cultures have a mythology that goes along with the tales of their ancients, and Buddha is no exception, there is a lot of mythology associated with his life. But in the end, the ideas that stick are that of a human learn peace, self-discovery and enlightenment through meditation.
Buddha was born a prince, but after he started agonizing over the meaning of life, he left his wealth and became a "wandering seeker of knowledge". He tried meditation, self-denial, yoga, and fasting; as taught to him by Hindu teachers, but was unable to achieve realization. This lead him to adopt what he became known as "the Middle Way", avoiding the extremes he had been previously living by. By steadfast meditation, and ignoring all temptations, he was able to achieve enlightenment. This state of enlightenment is known as Nirvana, and became the ultimate goal of all Buddhists.
Buddha taught his newfound truths (dharma) to others. In his teaching he said, "Seek salvation only in the truth; for assistance look to none but yourself". So the primary belief of Buddhism is that enlightenment comes not from a god, but from personal effort and development in proper thinking and good deeds.
Buddhism also believes that life is not a linear order of chronological events, as it is perceived in the West. Life is a self-repeating cycle of life and death, and human history is of little importance. Our eternal selves wander from life to life through eternal rebirths (samsa) and suffer the consequences (karma) of actions in life. By being good, our lives (spirit) will have goodness reflected back upon us. By being evil, our lives will be reflected with despair.
Since Nirvana is may be an unattainable goal, in this lifetime, the goal for most Buddhists is to be a harmonious, benevolent and a positively contributing influence on society. Though we may not achieve enlightenment in this lifetime, we should strive for knowledge and understanding so that we may achieve Nirvana in our future life. With a Taoist influence, we are taught to understand that it is not the destination, but the journey itself, that is of greater importance.
Rituals, good works and study are important ways to help one on their journey to achieve Nirvana, but ultimately everyone must use their mind and meditation to achieve "enlightenment".
Since the death of the Buddha, there have bloomed many different schools of Buddhism. Buddhism is not one religion, but many different and diverse schools of thought, with the concepts of Nirvana and Karma being fairly constant.
One of the most popular variants of Buddhism is Zen Buddhism (Japanese) or Ch'an Buddhism (Chinese) has had the most influence on the martial arts - and seems to be what most people are familiar with when they think of Buddhism. Zen Buddhism includes the other beliefs of Buddhism, but varies in its path towards enlightenment.
In Zen Buddhism we are taught imponderable riddles such as "What is the sound of one hand clapping?" or "What do we find where there is nothing?". Through the contemplation of these riddles we will help ourselves realize Nirvana.
Zen is often taught through the study of a discipline, Archery, Swordsmanship, Flower Arranging, Calligraphy. Through studying the discipline, and learning from the failures as well as the successes, the Master will be aide the student in his own mastery of Zen as well as the discipline. So the discipline becomes an aide to learning Zen, not the other way around as many westerners believe.
❝One day while walking through the wilderness a man stumbled upon a vicious tiger. He ran, but soon came to the edge of a high cliff. Desperate to save himself, he climbed down a vine and dangled over the fatal precipice... As he hung there, two mice appeared from a hole in the cliff and began gnawing on the vine... Suddenly, he noticed on the vine a plump wild strawberry. He plucked it and popped it in his mouth... It was incredibly delicious, the best strawberry he ever had!❞
🍓 Zen (Buddhist) parable
The Tiger and the Strawberry
Meditation is seen throughout the Martial Arts. Most Martial Arts classes begin and end with some form of meditation. There are many variations on meditation. This is all because of the influence of Buddhism.
These articles came from a book (student guide) I wrote on Martial Arts in the 1980's.